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2018


{Direct observation of Zhang-Li torque expansion of magnetic droplet solitons}
Direct observation of Zhang-Li torque expansion of magnetic droplet solitons

Chung, S., Tuan Le, Q., Ahlberg, M., Awad, A. A., Weigand, M., Bykova, I., Khymyn, R., Dvornik, M., Mazraati, H., Houshang, A., Jiang, S., Nguyen, T. N. A., Goering, E., Schütz, G., Gräfe, J., \AAkerman, J.

{Physical Review Letters}, 120(21), American Physical Society, Woodbury, N.Y., 2018 (article)

Abstract
Magnetic droplets are nontopological dynamical solitons that can be nucleated in nanocontact based spin torque nano-oscillators (STNOs) with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy free layers. While theory predicts that the droplet should be of the same size as the nanocontact, its inherent drift instability has thwarted attempts at observing it directly using microscopy techniques. Here, we demonstrate highly stable magnetic droplets in all-perpendicular STNOs and present the first detailed droplet images using scanning transmission X-ray microscopy. In contrast to theoretical predictions, we find that the droplet diameter is about twice as large as the nanocontact. By extending the original droplet theory to properly account for the lateral current spread underneath the nanocontact, we show that the large discrepancy primarily arises from current-in-plane Zhang-Li torque adding an outward pressure on the droplet perimeter. Electrical measurements on droplets nucleated using a reversed current in the antiparallel state corroborate this picture.

DOI [BibTex]

2018

DOI [BibTex]


{Transmission x-ray microscopy at low temperatures: Irregular supercurrent flow at small length scales}
Transmission x-ray microscopy at low temperatures: Irregular supercurrent flow at small length scales

Simmendinger, J., Ruoss, S., Stahl, C., Weigand, M., Gräfe, J., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

{Physical Review B}, 97(13), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2018 (article)

Abstract
Scanning transmission x-ray microscopy has been used to image electric currents in superconducting films at temperatures down to 20 K. We detect significant deviations from a regular current path driven by macroscopic geometrical constraints. The magnetic stray field of supercurrents in a thin YBaCuO film is mapped into a soft-magnetic coating of permalloy. The so-created local magnetization of the ferromagnetic film can be detected by dichroic absorption of polarized x rays. To enable high-quality measurements in transmission geometry, the whole heterostructure of ferromagnet, superconductor, and single-crystalline substrate has been thinned to an overall thickness of less than 1 µm. With this technique, local supercurrents can be analyzed in a wide range of temperatures and magnetic fields. The less than 100 nm spatial resolution of the magnetic signal together with simultaneously obtained nanostructural data allow the correlation of local supercurrents with the micro- and nanostructure of the superconducting film.

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Assessment methodology of promising porous materials for near ambient temperature hydrogen storage applications

Minuto, F. D., Balderas-Xicohténcatl, R., Policicchio, A., Hirscher, M., Agostino, R. G.

{International Journal of Hydrogen Energy}, 43(31):14550-14556, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Incorporation of Terbium into a Microalga Leads to Magnetotactic Swimmers

Santomauro, G., Singh, A., Park, B. W., Mohammadrahimi, M., Erkoc, P., Goering, E., Schütz, G., Sitti, M., Bill, J.

Advanced Biosystems, 2(12):1800039, 2018 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Thermodynamics, kinetics and selectivity of H2 and D2 on zeolite 5A below 77K

Xiong, R., Balderas-Xicohténcatl, R., Zhang, L., Li, P., Yao, Y., Sang, G., Chen, C., Tang, T., Luo, D., Hirscher, M.

{Microporous and Mesoporous Materials}, 264, pages: 22-27, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Volumetric hydrogen storage capacity in metal-organic frameworks

Balderas-Xicohténcatl, R., Schlichtenmayer, M., Hirscher, M.

{Energy Technology}, 6(3):578-582, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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3D nanoprinted plastic kinoform x-ray optics

Sanli, U. T., Ceylan, H., Bykova, I., Weigand, M., Sitti, M., Schütz, G., Keskinbora, K.

{Advanced Materials}, 30(36), Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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High volumetric hydrogen storage capacity using interpenetrated metal-organic frameworks

Balderas-Xicohténcatl, R., Schmieder, P., Denysenko, D., Volkmer, D., Hirscher, M.

{Energy Technology}, 6(3):510-512, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Thick permalloy films for the imaging of spin texture dynamics in perpendicularly magnetized systems

Finizio, S., Wintz, S., Bracher, D., Kirk, E., Semisalova, A. S., Förster, J., Zeissler, K., We\ssels, T., Weigand, M., Lenz, K., Kleibert, A., Raabe, J.

{Physical Review B}, 98(10), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Dynamic Janus metasurfaces in the visible spectral region

Yu, P., Li, J., Zhang, S., Jin, Z., Schütz, G., Qiu, C., Hirscher, M., Liu, N.

{Nano Letters}, 18(7):4584-4589, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Review of ultrafast demagnetization after femtosecond laser pulses: A complex interaction of light with quantum matter

Fähnle, M., Haag, M., Illg, C., Müller, B. Y., Weng, W., Tsatsoulis, T., Huang, H., Briones Paz, J. Z., Teeny, N., Zhang, L., Kuhn, T.

{American Journal of Modern Physics}, 7(2):68-74, Science Publishing Group, New York, NY, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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XMCD investigations on new hard magnetic systems

Chen, Y.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (phdthesis)

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Current-induced skyrmion generation through morphological thermal transitions in chiral ferromagnetic heterostructures

Lemesh, I., Litzius, K., Böttcher, M., Bassirian, P., Kerber, N., Heinze, D., Zázvorka, J., Büttner, F., Caretta, L., Mann, M., Weigand, M., Finizio, S., Raabe, J., Im, M., Stoll, H., Schütz, G., Dupé, B., Kläui, M., Beach, G. S. D.

{Advanced Materials}, 30(49), Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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3d nanofabrication of high-resolution multilayer Fresnel zone plates

Sanli, U. T., Jiao, C., Baluktsian, M., Grévent, C., Hahn, K., Wang, Y., Srot, V., Richter, G., Bykova, I., Weigand, M., Schütz, G., Keskinbora, K.

{Advanced Science}, 5(9), Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Photocatalytic CO2 reduction by Cr-substituted Ba2(In2-xCrx)O5\mbox⋅(H2O)δ(0.04 ≤x ≤0.60)

Yoon, S., Gaul, M., Sharma, S., Son, K., Hagemann, H., Ziegenbalg, D., Schwingenschlogl, U., Widenmeyer, M., Weidenkaff, A.

{Solid State Sciences}, 78, pages: 22-29, Elsevier Masson SAS, Paris, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ferromagnetism in nitrogen and fluorine substituted BaTiO3

Yoon, S., Son, K., Ebbinghaus, S. G., Widenmeyer, M., Weidenkaff, A.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 749, pages: 628-633, Elsevier B.V., Lausanne, Switzerland, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Correction of axial position uncertainty and systematic detector errors in ptychographic diffraction imaging

Loetgering, L., Rose, M., Keskinbora, K., Baluktsian, M., Dogan, G., Sanli, U., Bykova, I., Weigand, M., Schütz, G., Wilhein, T.

{Optical Engineering}, 57(8), The Society, Redondo Beach, Calif., 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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The role of surface oxides on hydrogen sorption kinetics in titanium thin films

Hadjixenophontos, E., Michalek, L., Roussel, M., Hirscher, M., Schmitz, G.

{Applied Surface Science}, 441, pages: 324-330, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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New concepts for 3d optics in x-ray microscopy

Sanli, U., Ceylan, H., Jiao, C., Baluktsian, M., Grevent, C., Hahn, K., Wang, Y., Srot, V., Richter, G., Bykova, I., Weigand, M., Sitti, M., Schütz, G., Keskinbora, K.

{Microscopy and Microanalysis}, 24(Suppl 2):288-289, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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High-Resolution X-ray Ptychography for Magnetic Imaging

Bykova, I.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2018 (phdthesis)

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Spin-wave interference in magnetic vortex stacks

Behncke, C., Adolff, C. F., Lenzing, N., Hänze, M., Schulte, B., Weigand, M., Schütz, G., Meier, G.

{Communications Physics}, 1, Nature Publishing Group, London, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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High-throughput synthesis of modified Fresnel zone plate arrays via ion beam lithography

Keskinbora, K., Sanli, U. T., Baluktsian, M., Grévent, C., Weigand, M., Schütz, G.

{Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology}, 9, pages: 2049-2056, Beilstein-Institut, Frankfurt am Main, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Deterministic creation and deletion of a single magnetic skyrmion observed by direct time-resolved X-ray microscopy

Woo, S., Song, K. M., Zhang, X., Ezawa, M., Zhou, Y., Liu, X., Weigand, M., Finizio, S., Raabe, J., Park, M.-C., Lee, K.-Y., Choi, J. W., Min, B.-C., Koo, H. C., Chang, J.

{Nature Electronics}, 1(5):288-296, Springer Nature, London, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Magnetic skyrmion as a nonlinear resistive element: A potential building block for reservoir computing

Prychynenko, D., Sitte, M., Litzius, K., Krüger, B., Bourianoff, G., Kläui, M., Sinova, J., Everschor-Sitte, K.

{Physical Review Applied}, 9(1), American Physical Society, College Park, Md. [u.a.], 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Tunable geometrical frustration in magnoic vortex crystals

Behncke, C., Adolff, C. F., Wintz, S., Hänze, M., Schulte, B., Weigand, M., Finizio, S., Raabe, J., Meier, G.

{Scientific Reports}, 8, Nature Publishing Group, London, UK, 2018 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]

2000


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Diffusion von Wasserstoff in Lavesphasen / Diffusion von Wasserstoff in heterogenen Systemen.

Herrmann, A.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2000 (phdthesis)

[BibTex]

2000

[BibTex]


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Anisotropic flux pinning in thin YBCO-films by substrate modifications

Leonhardt, S., Warthmann, R., Albrecht, J., Jooss, C., Kronmüller, H., Haage, T., Zegenhagen, J., Habermeier, H.-U.

{Physica C}, 332, pages: 214-218, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A review of the magnetic relaxation and its application to the study of atomic defects in α-iron and its diuluted alloys

Blythe, H. J., Kronmüller, H., Seeger, A., Walz, F.

{Physica Status Solidi (A)}, 181, pages: 233-345, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic properties of Sm2Co17-xGax (x \textequals 0-7) compounds

Liang, B., Kleinschroth, I., Shen, B. G., Kronmüller, H.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 87, pages: 5314-5316, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Computational micromagnetism of magnetic structures and magnetization processes in small particles

Kronmüller, H., Hertel, R.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 215-216, pages: 11-17, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Interface-structure studies by atomic-resolution electron microscopy, order-disorder phenomena, and atomic diffusion in gas-phase-synthesized nanocrystalline solids

Schaefer, H.-E., Reimann, K., Straub, W., Phillipp, F., Tanimoto, H., Brossmann, U., Würschum, R.

{Materials Science and Engineering A}, 286, pages: 24-33, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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High-performance permanent magnets

Goll, D., Kronmüller, H.

{Naturwissenschaften}, 87, pages: 423-438, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Reconstruction of the Mo(100) surface: a tight-binding study

Haas, H., Wang, C. Z., Ho, K. M., Fähnle, M., Elsässer, C.

{Surface Science}, 457, pages: L397-L403, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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The strain-softening phenomenon of icosahedral Al-Pd-Mn single quasicrystals

Brunner, D., Plachke, D., Carstanjen, H. D.

{Materials Science and Engineering A}, 294-296, pages: 773-776, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Corrosion behaviour of the protective and decorative TiN coatings on large area steel strips

Vershinin, N., Filonov, K., Straumal, B., Gust, W., Wiener, I., Rabkin, E., Kazakevich, A.

{Surface and Coatings Technology}, 125, pages: 229-232, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Influence of substrate irradiation on critical density and microstructure in YBCO thin films

Leonhardt, S., Albrecht, J., Warthmann, R., Habermeier, H.-U., Kronmüller, H.

{Physica C}, 341-348, pages: 1979-1980, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Channeling of high-energy particles in bent crystals - experiments at the CERN SPS

Baurichter, A., Biino, C., Clement, M., Doble, N., Elsener, K., Fidecaro, G., Freund, A., Gatignon, L., Grafström, P., Gyr, M., Hage-Ali, M., Herr, W., Keppler, P., Kirsebom, K., Klem, J., Major, J., Medenwaldt, R., Mikkelsen, U., Moller, S. P., Siffert, P., Uggerhoj, E., Vilakazi, Z. Z., Weisse, E.

{Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B}, 164-165, pages: 27-43, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetoelastic effects in ultrathin epitaxial Ni films: An ab-initio study

Komelj, M., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 222, pages: L 245-L 250, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Evidence for near-grain boundary lattice rotations in an Fe(Si) alloy.

Rabkin, E., Semenov, V., Bischoff, E.

{Zeitschrift f\"ur Metallkunde}, 91, pages: 165-170, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Electron focusing in metals and semimetals

Heil, J., Böhm, A., Gröger, A., Primke, M., Wyder, P., Keppler, P., Major, J., Bender, H., Schönherr, E., Wendel, H., Wolf, B., Würz, U., Grill, W., Herrenberger, S., Knauth, S., Lenzner, J.

{Physics Reports}, 323, pages: 387-455, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Analysis of the electronic structure of intermetallic compounds and application to structural defects in B2 phases

Börnsen, N., Meyer, B., Bester, G., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 308, pages: 1-14, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Melt-spun precipitation-hardened Sm2(Co,Cu,Fe,Zr)17 magnets with abnormal temperature dependence of coercivity

Goll, D., Kleinschroth, I., Sigle, W., Kronmüller, H.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 76, pages: 1054-1056, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hydrogen-induced phase transition of GdZn1-xMgx compounds

Reule, H., Hirscher, M.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 298, pages: 1-8, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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The influence of a finite bandwidth on the Verwey transition in magnetite

Brabers, J. H. V. J., Walz, F., Kronmüller, H.

{Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter}, 12, pages: 5437-5452, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Untersuchung von Magnetisierungsprozessen in dünnen Nd2Fe14B-Schichten

Melsheimer, A.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2000 (phdthesis)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Influcence of vortex-vortex interaction on critical currents across low-angle grain boundaries in YBa2Cu3O7-δ

Albrecht, J., Leonhardt, S., Kronmüller, H.

{Physical Review B}, 63, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Symmetrical Tilt Grain boundaries in body-centred cubic transition metals: An ab-initio local-density-functional study

Ochs, T., Beck, O., Elsässer, C., Meyer, B.

{Philosophical Magazine A}, 80, pages: 351-372, 2000 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]