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2020


Biocompatible magnetic micro‐ and nanodevices: Fabrication of FePt nanopropellers and cell transfection
Biocompatible magnetic micro‐ and nanodevices: Fabrication of FePt nanopropellers and cell transfection

Kadiri, V. M., Bussi, C., Holle, A. W., Son, K., Kwon, H., Schütz, G., Gutierrez, M. G., Fischer, P.

Adv. Mat., 32(2001114), May 2020 (article)

Abstract
The application of nanoparticles for drug or gene delivery promises benefits in the form of single‐cell‐specific therapeutic and diagnostic capabilities. Many methods of cell transfection rely on unspecific means to increase the transport of genetic material into cells. Targeted transport is in principle possible with magnetically propelled micromotors, which allow responsive nanoscale actuation and delivery. However, many commonly used magnetic materials (e.g., Ni and Co) are not biocompatible, possess weak magnetic remanence (Fe3O4), or cannot be implemented in nanofabrication schemes (NdFeB). Here, it is demonstrated that co‐depositing iron (Fe) and platinum (Pt) followed by one single annealing step, without the need for solution processing, yields ferromagnetic FePt nanomotors that are noncytotoxic, biocompatible, and possess a remanence and magnetization that rival those of permanent NdFeB micromagnets. Active cell targeting and magnetic transfection of lung carcinoma cells are demonstrated using gradient‐free rotating millitesla fields to drive the FePt nanopropellers. The carcinoma cells express enhanced green fluorescent protein after internalization and cell viability is unaffected by the presence of the FePt nanopropellers. The results establish FePt, prepared in the L10 phase, as a promising magnetic material for biomedical applications with superior magnetic performance, especially for micro‐ and nanodevices.

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Effect of the soft layer thickness of magnetization reversal process of exchange-spring nanomagnet patterns

Son, K., Schütz, G., Goering, E.

{Current Applied Physics}, 20(4):477-483, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]


{Creating zero-field skyrmions in exchange-biased multilayers through X-ray illumination}
Creating zero-field skyrmions in exchange-biased multilayers through X-ray illumination

Guang, Y., Bykova, I., Liu, Y., Yu, G., Goering, E., Weigand, M., Gräfe, J., Kim, S. K., Zhang, J., Zhang, H., Yan, Z., Wan, C., Feng, J., Wang, X., Guo, C., Wei, H., Peng, Y., Tserkovnyak, Y., Han, X., Schütz, G.

{Nature Communications}, 11, Nature Publishing Group, London, 2020 (article)

Abstract
Skyrmions, magnetic textures with topological stability, hold promises for high-density and energy-efficient information storage devices owing to their small size and low driving-current density. Precise creation of a single nanoscale skyrmion is a prerequisite to further understand the skyrmion physics and tailor skyrmion-based applications. Here, we demonstrate the creation of individual skyrmions at zero-field in an exchange-biased magnetic multilayer with exposure to soft X-rays. In particular, a single skyrmion with 100-nm size can be created at the desired position using a focused X-ray spot of sub-50-nm size. This single skyrmion creation is driven by the X-ray-induced modification of the antiferromagnetic order and the corresponding exchange bias. Furthermore, artificial skyrmion lattices with various arrangements can be patterned using X-ray. These results demonstrate the potential of accurate optical control of single skyrmion at sub-100 nm scale. We envision that X-ray could serve as a versatile tool for local manipulation of magnetic orders.

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


{Tuning the magnetic properties of permalloy-based magnetoplasmonic crystals for sensor applications}
Tuning the magnetic properties of permalloy-based magnetoplasmonic crystals for sensor applications

Murzin, D. V., Belyaev, V. K., Groß, F., Gräfe, J., Rivas, M., Rodionova, V. V.

{Japanese Journal of Applied Physics}, 59(SE), IOP Publishing Ltd, Bristol, England, 2020 (article)

Abstract
Miniature magnetic sensors based on magnetoplasmonic crystals (MPlCs) exhibit high sensitivity and high spatial resolution, which can be obtained by the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons. A field dependence of surface plasmon polaritons' enhanced magneto-optical response strongly correlates with magnetic properties of MPlCs that can be tuned by changing spatial parameters, such as the period and height of diffraction gratings and thicknesses of functional layers. This work compares the magnetic properties of MPlCs based on Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) obtained from local (longitudinal magneto-optical Kerr effect) and bulk (vibrating-sample magnetometry) measurements and demonstrates an ability to control sensors' performance through changing the magnetic properties of the MPlCs. The influence of the substrate's geometry (planar or sinusoidal and trapezoidal diffraction grating profiles) and the thickness of the surface layer is examined.

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Element-resolved study of the evolution of magnetic response in FexN compounds

Chen, Y., Gölden, D., Dirba, I., Huang, M., Gutfleisch, O., Nagel, P., Merz, M., Schuppler, S., Schütz, G., Alff, L., Goering, E.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 498, NH, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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The role of temperature and drive current in skyrmion dynamics

Litzius, K., Leliaert, J., Bassirian, P., Rodrigues, D., Kromin, S., Lemesh, I., Zazvorka, J., Lee, K., Mulkers, J., Kerber, N., Heinze, D., Keil, N., Reeve, R. M., Weigand, M., Van Waeyenberge, B., Schütz, G., Everschor-Sitte, K., Beach, G. S. D., Kläui, M.

{Nature Electronics}, 3(1):30-36, Springer Nature, London, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Magnetic flux penetration into micron-sized superconductor/ferromagnet bilayers

Simmendinger, J., Weigand, M., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

{Superconductor Science and Technology}, 33(2), IOP Pub., Bristol, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Demonstration of k-vector selective microscopy for nanoscale mapping of higher order spin wave modes

Träger, N., Gruszecki, P., Lisiecki, F., Groß, F., Förster, J., Weigand, M., Glowinski, H., Kuswik, P., Dubowik, J., Krawczyk, M., Gräfe, J.

Nanoscale, 12(33):17238-17244, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Fabrication and temperature-dependent magnetic properties of large-area L10-FePt/Co exchange-spring magnet nanopatterns

Son, K., Schütz, G.

{Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems And Nanostructures}, 115, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Research trend of metal-organic frameworks for magnetic refrigeration materials application

Kim, S., Son, K., Oh, H.

Korean Journal of Materials Research, 30(3):136-141, Materials Society of Korea, Seoul, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Magnetic Anisotropy in Thin Layers of (Mn,Zn)Fe2O4 on SrTiO3 (001)
Magnetic Anisotropy in Thin Layers of (Mn,Zn)Fe2O4 on SrTiO3 (001)

Denecke, R., Welke, M., Huth, P., Gräfe, J., Brachwitz, K., Lorenz, M., Grundmann, M., Ziese, M., Esquinazi, P. D., Goering, E., Schütz, G., Schindler, K., Chassé, A.

Physica Status Solidi (b), 257(7):1900627, 2020 (article)

Abstract
Herein, a ferrimagnetic manganese zinc ferrite (Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4) film with a thickness of 200 nm is prepared without a buffer layer on strontium titanate (001) (SrTiO3) using pulsed laser deposition. Its magnetic properties are investigated using superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), X-ray absorption spectroscopy with subsequent X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and magneto-optic Kerr effect (MOKE). Hysteresis loops derived from SQUID exhibits bulk-like properties. This can further be confirmed by bulk-like XMCD spectra. In remanent magnetization, an in-plane magnetization with basically no out-of-plane component is found. The magnetic moments derived by the sum rule formalism from the XMCD data are in good agreement to the magnetization observed by SQUID and MOKE. XMCD as well as MOKE reveal an in-plane angular fourfold magnetic anisotropy with the easy direction along [110] for (Mn0.5Zn0.5)Fe2O4 on SrTiO3. The element-specific magnetic moments from XMCD show a stronger contribution of Fe to the anisotropy than of Mn and distinct contributions of the orbital moments.

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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How to functionalise metal-organic frameworks to enable guest nanocluster embedment

King, J., Zhang, L., Doszczeczko, S., Sambalova, O., Luo, H., Rohman, F., Phillips, O., Borgschulte, A., Hirscher, M., Addicoat, M., Szilágyi, P. A.

{Journal of Materials Chemistry A}, 8(9):4889-4897, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Magnetic and microstructural properties of anisotropic MnBi magnets compacted by spark plasma sintering

Chen, Y., Gregori, G., Rheingans, B., Huang, W., Kronmüller, H., Schütz, G., Goering, E.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 830, Elsevier B.V., Lausanne, Switzerland, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Biocompatible magnetic micro- and nanodevices: Fabrication of FePt nanopropellers and cell transfection

Kadiri, V. M., Bussi, C., Holle, A. W., Son, K., Kwon, H., Schütz, G., Gutierrez, M. G., Fischer, P.

Advanced Materials, 32(25), Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Generation and characterization of focused helical x-ray beams

Loetgering, L., Baluktsian, M., Keskinbora, K., Horstmeyer, R., Wilhein, T., Schütz, G., Eikema, K. S. E., Witte, S.

Science Advances, 6(7), American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2020 (article)

Generation and characterization of focused helical x-ray beams link (url) DOI [BibTex]

Generation and characterization of focused helical x-ray beams link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Materials for hydrogen-based energy storage - past, recent progress and future outlook

Hirscher, M., Yartys, V. A., Baricco, M., Bellosta von Colbe, J., Blanchard, D., Bowman Jr., R. C., Broom, D. P., Buckley, C. E., Chang, F., Chen, P., Cho, Y. W., Crivello, J., Cuevas, F., David, W. I. F., de Jongh, P. E., Denys, R. V., Dornheim, M., Felderhoff, M., Filinchuk, Y., Froudakis, G. E., Grant, D. M., Gray, E. M., Hauback, B. C., He, T., Humphries, T. D., Jensen, T. R., Kim, S., Kojima, Y., Latroche, M., Li, H., Lotostskyy, M. V., Makepeace, J. W., M\oller, K. T., Naheed, L., Ngene, P., Noréus, D., Nyg\aard, M. M., Orimo, S., Paskevicius, M., Pasquini, L., Ravnsbaek, D. B., Sofianos, M. V., Udovic, T. J., Vegge, T., Walker, G. S., Webb, C. J., Weidenthaler, C., Zlotea, C.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 827, Elsevier B.V., Lausanne, Switzerland, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


{Thermal nucleation and high-resolution imaging of submicrometer magnetic bubbles in thin thulium iron garnet films with perpendicular anisotropy}
Thermal nucleation and high-resolution imaging of submicrometer magnetic bubbles in thin thulium iron garnet films with perpendicular anisotropy

Büttner, F., Mawass, M. A., Bauer, J., Rosenberg, E., Caretta, L., Avci, C. O., Gräfe, J., Finizio, S., Vaz, C. A. F., Novakovic, N., Weigand, M., Litzius, K., Förster, J., Träger, N., Groß, F., Suzuki, D., Huang, M., Bartell, J., Kronast, F., Raabe, J., Schütz, G., Ross, C. A., Beach, G. S. D.

{Physical Review Materials}, 4(1), American Physical Society, College Park, MD, 2020 (article)

Abstract
Ferrimagnetic iron garnets are promising materials for spintronics applications, characterized by ultralow damping and zero current shunting. It has recently been found that few nm-thick garnet films interfaced with a heavy metal can also exhibit sizable interfacial spin-orbit interactions, leading to the emergence, and efficient electrical control, of one-dimensional chiral domain walls. Two-dimensional bubbles, by contrast, have so far only been confirmed in micrometer-thick films. Here, we show by high resolution scanning transmission x-ray microscopy and photoemission electron microscopy that submicrometer bubbles can be nucleated and stabilized in ∼25-nm-thick thulium iron garnet films via short heat pulses generated by electric current in an adjacent Pt strip, or by ultrafast laser illumination. We also find that quasistatic processes do not lead to the formation of a bubble state, suggesting that the thermodynamic path to reaching that state requires transient dynamics. X-ray imaging reveals that the bubbles have Bloch-type walls with random chirality and topology, indicating negligible chiral interactions at the garnet film thickness studied here. The robustness of thermal nucleation and the feasibility demonstrated here to image garnet-based devices by x-rays both in transmission geometry and with sensitivity to the domain wall chirality are critical steps to enabling the study of small spin textures and dynamics in perpendicularly magnetized thin-film garnets.

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


{Real-space imaging of confined magnetic skyrmion tubes}
Real-space imaging of confined magnetic skyrmion tubes

Birch, M. T., Cortés-Ortuño, D., Turnbull, L. A., Wilson, M. N., Groß, F., Träger, N., Laurenson, A., Bukin, N., Moody, S. H., Weigand, M., Schütz, G., Popescu, H., Fan, R., Steadman, P., Verezhak, J. A. T., Balakrishnan, G., Loudon, J. C., Twitchett-Harrison, A. C., Hovorka, O., Fangohr, H., Ogrin, F., Gräfe, J., Hatton, P. D.

Nature Communications, 11, pages: 1726, 2020 (article)

Abstract
Magnetic skyrmions are topologically nontrivial particles with a potential application as information elements in future spintronic device architectures. While they are commonly portrayed as two dimensional objects, in reality magnetic skyrmions are thought to exist as elongated, tube-like objects extending through the thickness of the host material. The study of this skyrmion tube state (SkT) is vital for furthering the understanding of skyrmion formation and dynamics for future applications. However, direct experimental imaging of skyrmion tubes has yet to be reported. Here, we demonstrate the real-space observation of skyrmion tubes in a lamella of FeGe using resonant magnetic x-ray imaging and comparative micromagnetic simulations, confirming their extended structure. The formation of these structures at the edge of the sample highlights the importance of confinement and edge effects in the stabilisation of the SkT state, opening the door to further investigation into this unexplored dimension of the skyrmion spin texture.

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Current-induced dynamical tilting of chiral domain walls in curved microwires

Finizio, S., Wintz, S., Mayr, S., Huxtable, A. J., Langer, M., Bailey, J., Burnell, G., Marrows, C. H., Raabe, J.

Applied Physics Letters, 116(18), American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Highly effective hydrogen isotope separation through dihydrogen bond on Cu(I)-exchanged zeolites well above liquid nitrogen temperature

Xiong, R., Zhang, L., Li, P., Luo, W., Tang, T., Ao, B., Sang, G., Chen, C., Yan, X., Chen, J., Hirscher, M.

Chemical Engineering Journal, 391, Elsevier, Lausanne, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Room temperature ferromagnetism driven by Ca-doped BiFeO3 multiferroic functional material

Marzouk, M., Hashem, H. M., Soltan, S., Ramadan, A. A.

{Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics}, 31(7):5599-5607, Springer, Norwell, MA, 2020 (article)

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]

2005


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From colloidal Co/CoO core/shell nanoparticles to arrays of metallic nanomagnets: surface modification and magnetic properties

Wiedwald, U., Fauth, K., Hessler, M., Boyen, H. G., Weigl, F., Hilgendorff, M., Giersig, M., Schütz, G., Ziemann, P., Farle, M.

{ChemPhysChem}, 6(12):2522-2526, 2005 (article)

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2005

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Competition between order and phase separation in Au-Ni

Reichert, H., Schöps, A., Ramsteiner, I. B., Bugaev, V. N., Shchyglo, O., Udyansky, A., Dosch, H., Asta, M., Drautz, R., Honkimäki, V.

{Physical Review Letters}, 95(23), 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Influence of faceting-roughening on triple-junction migration in zinc

Straumal, B. B., Sursaeva, V. G., Gomakova, A. S.

{Zeitschrift f\"ur Metallkunde}, 96(10):1147-1151, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Damping of spin dynamics in nanostructures: an ab initio study

Steiauf, D., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 72, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Test of the hypothesis of transient molten state diffusion for swift-heavy-ion induced mixing

Srivastava, S. K.., Avasthi, D. K., Assmann, W., Wang, Z. G., Kucal, H., Jaquet, E., Carstanjen, H. D., Toulemonde, M.

{Physical Review B}, 71, 2005 (article)

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[BibTex]


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Hydrogen physisorption in metal-organic porous crystals

Panella, B., Hirscher, M.

{Advanced Materials}, 17(5):538-541, 2005 (article)

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[BibTex]


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The influence of misorientation deviation on the faceting of \Sigma3 grain boundaries in aluminium

Kogtenkova, O., Straumal, B., Protasova, S., Tsurekawa, S., Watanabe, T.

{Zeitschrift f\"ur Metallkunde}, 96(2):216-219, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Metal-oxide interfacial reactions: encapsulation of Pd on TiO2(110)

Fu, Q., Wagner, Th., Olliges, S., Carstanjen, H. D.

{Journal of Physical Chemistry B}, 109, pages: 944-951, 2005 (article)

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[BibTex]


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Faceting of \Sigma3 and \Sigma9 grain boundaries in Cu-Bi alloys

Straumal, B. B., Polyakov, S. A., Bischoff, E., Gust, W., Baretzky, B.

{Acta Materialia}, 53(2):247-254, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Dependence of damage efficiency of ions in diamond on electronic stopping

Friedland, E., Carstanjen, H. D., Myberg, G., Nasr, M. A.

{Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B}, 230, pages: 129-132, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Volumetric measurement of hydrogen storage in HCl-treated polyaniline and polypyrrole

Panella, B., Kossykh, L., Dettlaff-Weglikowska, U., Hirscher, M., Zerbi, G., Roth, S.

{Synthetic Metals}, 151, pages: 208-210, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Permanent magnet alloys based on Sm2Co17; phase evolution in the quinary system Sm-Zr-FeCo-Cu

Stadelmaier, H. H., Goll, D., Kronmüller, H.

{Zeitschrift f\"ur Metallkunde}, 96(1):17-23, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Anisotropic temperature-dependent current densities in vicinal YBCO

Djupmyr, M., Cristiani, G., Habermeier, H.-U., Albrecht, J.

{Physical Review B}, 72, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Effects of catalysts on the dehydriding of alanates monitored by proton NMR

Majer, G., Stanik, E., Valiente-Banuet, L. E., Grinberg, F., Kircher, O., Fichtner, M.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 404, pages: 738-742, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Kinetics of carbon precipitation and re-solution in low Si-content silicon iron

Walz, F., Wakisaka, T., Kronmüller, H.

{Physica Status Solidi A}, 202(14):2667-2678, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Highly homogeneous MgB2 films prepared by a new post-annealing process

Matveev, A., Albrecht, J., Konuma, M., Stuhlhofer, B., Starke, U., Habermeier, H.-U.

{Superconductor Science and Technology}, 18, pages: 1313-1316, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Spin-polarized quasiparticle injection effects in YBCO thin films

Soltan, S., Albrecht, J., Habermeier, H.-U.

{Solid State Communications}, 135, pages: 461-465, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Thermodynamic properties from ab-initio calculations: New theoretical developments, and applications to various materials systems

Fähnle, M., Drautz, R., Lechermann, F., Singer, R., Diaz-Ortiz, A., Dosch, H.

{Physica Status Solidi (B)}, 242, pages: 1159-1173, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Nuclear magnetic resonance measurements of the hydrogen dynamics in nanocrystalline graphite

Stanik, E., Majer, G., Orimo, S., Ichikawa, T., Fujii, H.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 98, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Oxygen K-edge shift at the Verwey transition of magnetite

Goering, E., Gold, S., Lafkioti, M., Schütz, G., Brabers, V. A. M.

{Physical Review B}, 72, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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First-principles investigation of the Ni-Fe-Al system

Lechermann, F., Fähnle, M., Sanchez, J. M.

{Intermetallics}, 13((10)):1096-1109, 2005 (article)

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[BibTex]


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GdN thin films: Bulk and local electronic and magnetic properties

Leuenberger, F., Parge, A., Felsch, W., Fauth, K., He\ssler, M.

{Physical Review B}, 72(1), 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hydrogen permeation through Pd/Fe and Pd/Ni multilayer systems

Yamakawa, K., Ege, M., Hirscher, M., Ludescher, B., Kronmüller, H.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 393(1-2):5-10, 2005 (article)

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[BibTex]


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Parametrization of the magnetic energy at the atomic level

Drautz, R., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 72, 2005 (article)

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[BibTex]


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Time-scales of electronic processes in Fe3O4 - An attempt to resolve a recently accentuated controversy

Fähnle, M., Kronmüller, H., Walz, F.

{Physica B}, 369, pages: 177-180, 2005 (article)

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[BibTex]


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Interlayer contraction in MgB2 upon replacement of Mg by Al: Effect of the covalent bond energy

Bester, G., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 72, 2005 (article)

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First-principles atomistic modeling of ordering phenomena and phase diagrams

Fähnle, M., Drautz, R., Lechermann, F., Singer, R., Diaz-Ortiz, A., Dosch, H.

{TMS Letters}, 2(1):7-8, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Constrained spin-density functional theory for excited magnetic configurations in an adiabatic approximation

Singer, R., Fähnle, M., Bihlmayer, G.

{Physical Review B}, 71, 2005 (article)

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[BibTex]


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The influence of magnetism on atomic defects and diffusion: model calculations and ab initio electron theory

Fähnle, M., Schimmele, L.

{Defect and Diffusion Forum}, 237-240, pages: 19-29, 2005 (article)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]