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{Temperature-dependent first-order reversal curve measurements on unusually hard magnetic low-temperature phase of MnBi}

2017

Article

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We have performed first-order reversal curve (FORC) measurements to investigate the irreversible magnetization processes in the low-temperature phase of MnBi. Using temperature-dependent FORC analysis, we are able to provide a clear insight into the effects of microstructural parameters such as grain diameter, shape, and surface composition on the coercivity of nucleation hardened permanent magnet MnBi. FORC diagrams of MnBi show a unique broadening and narrowing of the coercive field distribution with increasing temperature. We were able to microscopically identify the reason for this behavior, based on the shift in the single domain critical diameter from nearly 1 to 2 μm, thereby changing the dependence of coercivity with particle size. This is based on a strong increase in the uniaxial anisotropy constant with increasing temperature. Furthermore, the results also give an additional confirmation that the magnetic hardening in low-temperature phase MnBi occurs due to nucleation mechanisms. In our case, we show that temperature-dependent FORC measurements provide a powerful tool for the microscopic understanding of high-performance permanent magnet systems.

Author(s): Muralidhar, S. and Gräfe, J. and Chen, Y.-C. and Etter, M. and Gregori, G. and Ener, S. and Sawatzki, S. and Hono, K. and Gutfleisch, O. and Kronmüller, H. and Schütz, G. and Goering, E. J.
Journal: {Physical Review B}
Volume: 95
Number (issue): 2
Year: 2017
Publisher: American Physical Society

Department(s): Modern Magnetic Systems
Research Project(s): First-Order Reversal Curves
Bibtex Type: Article (article)

Address: Woodbury, NY
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.024413
Language: eng

BibTex

@article{escidoc:0042,
  title = {{Temperature-dependent first-order reversal curve measurements on unusually hard magnetic low-temperature phase of MnBi}},
  author = {Muralidhar, S. and Gr\"afe, J. and Chen, Y.-C. and Etter, M. and Gregori, G. and Ener, S. and Sawatzki, S. and Hono, K. and Gutfleisch, O. and Kronm\"uller, H. and Sch\"utz, G. and Goering, E. J.},
  journal = {{Physical Review B}},
  volume = {95},
  number = {2},
  publisher = {American Physical Society},
  address = {Woodbury, NY},
  year = {2017}
}