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Biocompatible magnetic micro‐ and nanodevices: Fabrication of FePt nanopropellers and cell transfection

2020

Article

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The application of nanoparticles for drug or gene delivery promises benefits in the form of single‐cell‐specific therapeutic and diagnostic capabilities. Many methods of cell transfection rely on unspecific means to increase the transport of genetic material into cells. Targeted transport is in principle possible with magnetically propelled micromotors, which allow responsive nanoscale actuation and delivery. However, many commonly used magnetic materials (e.g., Ni and Co) are not biocompatible, possess weak magnetic remanence (Fe3O4), or cannot be implemented in nanofabrication schemes (NdFeB). Here, it is demonstrated that co‐depositing iron (Fe) and platinum (Pt) followed by one single annealing step, without the need for solution processing, yields ferromagnetic FePt nanomotors that are noncytotoxic, biocompatible, and possess a remanence and magnetization that rival those of permanent NdFeB micromagnets. Active cell targeting and magnetic transfection of lung carcinoma cells are demonstrated using gradient‐free rotating millitesla fields to drive the FePt nanopropellers. The carcinoma cells express enhanced green fluorescent protein after internalization and cell viability is unaffected by the presence of the FePt nanopropellers. The results establish FePt, prepared in the L10 phase, as a promising magnetic material for biomedical applications with superior magnetic performance, especially for micro‐ and nanodevices.

Author(s): Kadiri, V. M. and Bussi, C. and Holle, A. W. and Son, K. and Kwon, H. and Schütz, G. and Gutierrez, M. G. and Fischer, P.
Journal: Adv. Mat.
Volume: 32
Number (issue): 2001114
Year: 2020
Month: May
Day: 6

Department(s): Micro, Nano, and Molecular Systems, Modern Magnetic Systems
Bibtex Type: Article (article)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202001114
URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/adma.202001114

BibTex

@article{2020kadiri,
  title = {Biocompatible magnetic micro‐ and nanodevices: Fabrication of FePt nanopropellers and cell transfection},
  author = {Kadiri, V. M. and Bussi, C. and Holle, A. W. and Son, K. and Kwon, H. and Sch{\"u}tz, G. and Gutierrez, M. G. and Fischer, P.},
  journal = {Adv. Mat.},
  volume = {32},
  number = {2001114},
  month = may,
  year = {2020},
  url = {https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/adma.202001114},
  month_numeric = {5}
}